It is a type a transparent substance composed by gaz and petroleum and available in shops named as « plexiglass ».
Technique characterized by the simultaneous creation of paper and engraving. The artist engraves and carves its low-relief pattern in a wax plate. A flexible mold is created from this base. The paper pulp is prepared and placed on a support in the press. The mold is colored directly and lands on the paper pulp, the whole is then placed in the press. The pressing is done gradually until reach several different tons of colors. Then follows a long drying stage, then each piece is retouched by hand by the artist to refine the details.
When we talk about art series, it means all of the art work which are influenced by a subject. For example it can be several equivalent figures or a repetitive and systematic treatment.
Art work is an intellectual creation made by a perceptible form with senses. The French art law requires that the art work has to be original. It means that the originality must show the personality of the author/artist.
It happens when several people work together with a common purpose to it. In this case, the law considers that all of those people are artists.
It is a kind of quality test. An artist’s prof is noted EA in french and AP in english. It concerns a special work about a print run, numbered in France on 4 (always with greek numbers). At the beginning, it was used in order to define the details of an art work.
The ranking of an artist or an art object is obtain through the auctions results in national and international auction houses. It specifically refers to the estimate of the current value of a particular work, or the average value of a work of a particular artist. In the same time, highly practical and terribly irrational, the rating is built over time and depends on fashions, tastes, official rediscovered artists but also buyers: museums and major collectors are prescribing for quotation of works of art.
Alloy composed by cooper and tin in order to create sculptures. This way of using exists since the greek Antiquity. It is the reason why the famous museum named « Louvre » in Paris gives a specific space to it called « room of Bronzes ». The room of Bronzes collects many statues of bronze from the Greco-Roman Antiquity. The bronze supposed to be first an original then mould in order to be duplicated.
It is the positive difference between the price of a sell and the price of the buying. It is the result of a sell in favor of a person or an organism. The capital gain vary according to the artists, and it requires several years before to get a capital gain.
Unique written certificate issued by an expert in order to determine the real author/artist of the art work.
The art work is collective when it is created by a person who decided to publish it. This person gives orders and its name to the art work even if several people are employed under its direction. In this case, the French art law considers the main author such as the only artist because he decided to create it.
The art work is composite when an art work is composed by another without the collaboration of the other artist. Sometimes, the French art jurisprudence can define two artists.
Type of specific work which gathers and files a complete art work of an artist (painter, sculpter) after an inventory and documentation. This catalog traces the complete process of the art work and its details.
Dation in payment is a legal process in order to pay totally or partially a debt, a debtor concedes the property of its art-work or several of them to his creditor. In consequences, it permits to art-work’s owners to pay legal taxes to the State.
Art-work decorated by transparent or opaque enamel.
Process that permit incision on a solid punt rock. This face is coated with ink before to be engraved on paper in order to discover the drawing of the artist.
It is a person specialized in a specific field and charged to judge et appreciate a property or a service.
Fresco is a big mural painting. For example, it is the case of the famous mural painting of the Sistine Chapel (the ceiling) painted by Michel-Ange (Florence, 1508-1512).
Old or contemporary art works are not subject to the Fortune Tax.
Polyester composed of varnish or paint and which contains oil which allows satiny flat tint.
It is when something includes something else and forms an unique object. Inclusion can be used as a technic of sculpture. The famous artist Arman (1928-2005: franco-american artist, painter, sculpter and plastic artist, famous for its accumulations) used the inclusion process in order to immobilize objects through time and space.
It is when an art work gets a damage, customers have to contact the art gallery in charge of it in order to deliver a certificate of estimation. It allows customers to be reimbursed of their real value (contrary of the purchase value).
It is a rental property contract for indeterminate time between a company and a bank or another specialized establishment, and with an agreement in order to sell at the end of the contract. The lessee manager is not the legal owner of the art work during the contract. Those art works are likened to immobilizations. The compensation is a rent.
Process of reproduction which consists in print on paper with printing press a writing or a drawing with ink or pencil on a rock.
Painting of just one color. It is the case about the famous painter Yves KLEIN and its blue.
Work which presents the art work of the artist and its art work’s process.
Unique print obtained by a non reproducible process. Contrary of the graving (which permits to conserve the outline of the artist), the drawing is directly realized on ink slab with many tools.
Category of art works which are, by nature of by its technic, reproduced in several but still limited.
Art work realized by the hand of the artist and numbered. The number of the print run vary according of the states. For example, in Europe, it is composed by 8 prints run and 4 artist’s proof, contrary of the United-States: 55 prints run and 25 artist’s proof, and Israel only involves 18 prints run and 8 artist’s proof. When the original art work is in bronze, each of the statues must contain a number of print run (inscribed in Roman or Greek figure for the artist’s proofs), a signature and a mint mark.
It is a type a paper cut process introduced by Henri Matisse who used this technic during the end of his career. The paper cut is often used today for all of the silk-screen 3D art works.
This principle means that the art work has to be presented to a public. The public has to be customers of a company when it decides to rent (leasing) an art work.
Maximum number of copies of an art work qualified originals if the artist is the instructor, or copies only under certain conditions. The print run and the technic have to be written in a specific document or on the art work itself.
Commercial document which allows to a person who propose a property or a service to create a bill in order to justify a customer’s payment. This bill has no legal or accounting value. The point is to propose different elements which can be modified after. It is the same process as an estimate.
Is a Japanese process used during the 16th century in order to make bowls for the ceremony of the tea. It consists to fire those objects and then, remove them in cold water.
Material used for fabrication of a plastic substance. It is the case of the famous contemporary artist Jeff Koons who often uses resin for creating its sculptures.
Sculpture is the art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract works of art in three dimensions, as in relief, intaglio, or in the round.
Sum of money before the definitive acquisition of the art work in order to remove the art work’s sell. It involves the definitive balance as soon as possible.
The works of ancient and contemporary art are not subject to wealth tax.
Art related to relief work sculpted or mold, representing in entire a lively being, an abstract quality, en element or an effect of the nature.
It is a legal process which permits only to a company to reduce its tax’s amount.
The tax rating of an art work is obtained because of the international or national auctions. It designates precisely the estimation of the net value of an art-work, or the average of it. The tax rating depends of tastes, fashion, official rediscovery of artists and buyers: museums and larges collectors are essentials regarding to art-work’s notation.
By opposition, it is an art work which contains only one copy. It can be named as a drawing, a painting, an art’s installation or an sculpture.
Value is a perception of a product or a service by a person or an organization. It is the measurable characteristic of a product or a service. It is appreciated by change. The value of an art work can vary according to the time and the space.